Good starting points from LING 115 class on 25 September 2013.
I. What’s in a word?
- Sound: Phonetic (and Phonological)
- Meaning: Semantic
- Category: Syntactic
I.e. formal linguistics in a nut-shell.
II. What would we expect from a ‘theory of syntax’?
1. Descriptive: If my theory accurately represents my mental representation.
2. Explanatory: If my theory gives a valid analysis of my mental representation.
(Following 2., I can expect to have a hypothesis about how my mental representation was constructed.)
3. Generative: If my theory reliably (or, perhaps, just mostly) generates representations that correspond to my mental representation.